Useful Tips

What colors can I draw on the fabric

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  • Nodular technique:
  • - the cloth,
  • - salt or vinegar,
  • - powder dyes for fabrics.
  • Watercolor painting:
  • - frame
  • - soil
  • - watercolor paints,
  • - brushes.
  • Painting with acrylic paints for fabric:
  • - frame
  • - acrylic paints for fabric,
  • - reserve composition,
  • - marker for fabric,
  • - template
  • - brushes.

Tip 5: How to apply paint to the fabric

  • For 1 option:
  • - the cloth,
  • - strong threads,
  • - paints for painting on fabric,
  • - bristle brushes,
  • - jars for paint dilution,
  • - rubber gloves,
  • - hair dryer
  • For 2 options:
  • - thin fabric, such as silk,
  • - paints for painting on fabric,
  • - brushes
  • - wooden frame,
  • - reserve - composition that limits the spreading of paint on the fabric,
  • - a tube for applying a reserve or a pipette,
  • - soft pencil,
  • - palette

Before dyeing, it is recommended to wash the fabric, especially if it is new.

If this is the first time you have yourself stained the fabric, pre-train to do this on unnecessary things.

If you want to create a transition effect from one shade to another, do not dry these areas of the fabric.

The larger the size of the area to be painted, the larger the brush number for it is better to use.

Tip 6: How to Paint Acrylic on Clothes

  • - acrylic paints,
  • - plain clothes,
  • - brushes
  • - thick paper or cardboard,
  • - adhesive paper
  • - pins
  • - adhesive tape
  • - the cloth,
  • - iron.
  • on clothes acrylic

Tip 7: Acrylic painting on fabric

Find a suitable picture on the Internet or in a magazine, best of all with simple, clear contours and few shades. Print it on a piece of paper and transfer it to the fabric with a simple pencil. There are several ways to transfer a pattern to fabric:

• Everything is simple with a white thin fabric: lay it on a piece of paper, pin it with pins, or tape it to avoid shifts and draw around the contours.
• A simple drawing can not even be printed. Attach the fabric to the monitor screen, cover it with tape and translate the pattern.
• A reliable way for complex compositions or dense fabric: put two chairs at a distance of 10-20 cm, lay glass or another transparent surface on them, put a light source between the chairs (lamp, floor lamp, lantern). You have a backlit table. Put a sheet with a pattern, fabric on top. Now all the contours are clearly visible.

When the pencil drawing on the fabric is ready, take care of the paints. If you need different shades, spread the paints on the palette with water, mix them with each other. Despite the fact that acrylic paints are diluted with water, they are resistant to washing and abrasion, with careful handling, the drawing will delight you for a very long time.

Put oilcloth on the table, then several layers of unnecessary absorbent cloth, such as towels. Be especially careful with clothes: the paint should not get on the back side, it is almost impossible to wash it off. Little secret: spots on white fabric can be painted over with white acrylic.

First paint over the light areas of the picture, then the darker ones. It is important that there are no white flashes, unpainted fibers. With the help of water you can get beautiful watercolor stains. It is better to paint the adjacent areas after 2-3 hours so that the paints do not mix.

When the drawing dries, take a thin brush and make black contours - this is how the composition looks finished. At the same stage, you can draw on top of the paint; acrylic painting in a contrasting color looks beautiful.

In order for the acrylic drawing on the fabric to be durable, it must be fixed. To do this, place unwanted fabric under the front of the product and iron the picture from the inside out well with an iron (some of the ink may print).

Where to begin?

Understanding the principle of action of dyes is necessary in order to know how it is attached, how much it holds on the canvas.

Acrylic covers the threads with a certain shell, so the material is not so plastic, but dense. Sometimes it is necessary to reduce the intensity, then a small amount of water or a special solvent is taken. Try not to use a lot of fluid, as it affects the quality of the pattern and the density of the fabric. As soon as one layer dries, you can proceed to the next. It is possible to apply several layers, then complex patterns are obtained with a fine drawing of clear lines.

What are the advantages:

  • soluble in water and in another liquid,
  • a large palette of colors, the ability to create shades by mixing,
  • easy to use
  • do not require special skills of the artist,
  • keep well on the canvas and do not wash,
  • low cost.

To work correctly with the substance and make fewer mistakes, you need to know some rules. Remember, you can not buy acrylic for future use. It has the ability to dry and deteriorate, so take exactly as much as is enough for a certain job. You can mix colors to get a tone, but many masters do it ineptly, which leads to damage to the fabric and composition. In order not to risk, buy shades from the manufacturer.

The solutions are very liquid. It is worth considering this important factor.

What colors can I draw on fabric-3

Before the process, the needlewoman must determine exactly what material she will be in contact with. Batiste, chiffon and silk accept only paints with the name Silk. For a more dense, such as suede, leather and the like, suitable acrylic marked Textile with a small fluidity.

At the end of the work, the pattern is fixed at high temperatures. It is enough to iron the picture on the back of the fabric. How much iron to hold depends on the density of matter.

A variety of offers can easily confuse an inexperienced master. Manufacturers from different countries are ready to offer acrylic paints at a high and affordable cost. Before going to the store, determine the type of thread, surface density and find out which acrylic suits you. Further, listen to the advice of consultants who will help you purchase the right set for creativity.

Properties and features of acrylic dyes

Acrylic for drawing is one of the types of paints for fabric, a polymer composition that does not penetrate into the fibers, but covers them from the outside. Acrylic colors are available in rich colors, easily mixed together, allowing you to get unique shades. Since this staining is not afraid of moisture, it can even be done on jackets, raincoats, raincoats, not to mention jeans, scarves, bags, t-shirts. Hand painting with acrylic looks great on tablecloths, panels. It is not recommended to draw at home on these types of things:

  • underwear - there is a risk of allergies,
  • bedding - due to frequent washing, it quickly fades,
  • dry cleaning products - due to possible damage to the design,
  • things for young children attending kindergarten - there is a high risk of allergies in babies.

Acrylic is ideal for beginners. Finished cloths dry quickly, and the price of paints is low - there is the opportunity to experiment. Other properties of acrylic dyes are as follows:

  • there are no harmful chemicals in the composition - there are vegetable or artificial resins, pigments, water, plasticizers, binders for consistency uniformity,
  • the texture of the paint resembles the tempera with which icons are written, but dries much faster and creates a protective film on the surface (the latter is so durable that things can be washed in a washing machine, folded, stored for a long time),
  • after applying paint to the fabric, its fibers become denser, but this area of ​​matter loses its elasticity,
  • over time, the quality of acrylic deteriorates, so paints should only be used during the normal shelf life.

Acrylic colors are diluted with water, but specialists prefer the use of special solvents. Such substances help to make images glossy, and when water is introduced, the picture will become dull. To fix the paints it is better to use dry heat - walk through the fabric with an iron. You can buy colors in art stores, there is also additional equipment (brushes, palettes, templates, stencils).

Suitable fabric

DIY colors are easy to do. It is important to choose a fabric suitable for this so that it matches the type of dye. The choice of matter also depends on the technique of painting things. So, hot batik involves the use of natural fabrics - cotton, linen, wool, viscose, denim. This method allows only such fibers to be dyed, while the artificial ones will remain in their original color. Therefore, mixed materials are not recommended.

Types of painting with acrylic paints

Only a clean cloth or thing should be dyed, so before washing it is washed, then thoroughly dried, ironed. Some painting techniques require you to pull the material onto a special frame (it is called a hoop for needlewomen), although you can make any convenient device yourself. The fabric for work is laid out in a well-lit place, while the area for dyeing should be in the center.

Hot batik

For hot coloring, natural dyes used to be used - Indian henna, tea, turmeric and even potassium permanganate, but now there are many more persistent, high-quality colors on sale. For hot batik, molten wax is used, which allows you to get structured images with different combinations of shades.

The meaning of the technique is that after removing it, a lighter or darker pattern remains, or even a white picture. Chanting is used for waxing - a tool that applies original wax patterns. It looks like a small vessel with several spouts and a handle.

For hot batik, first prepare the wax mixture. It is implemented in finished form or made with your own hands from pine resin, paraffin, beeswax, fat, dammar resin. Beginners are advised to first try applying melted wax from a regular candle to the fabric to practice.

The procedure is as follows:

  • prepare a draft picture - draw a picture on paper or print on a printer,
  • transfer the picture to the fabric in any convenient way (spot technique, through tracing paper, carbon paper, etc.),
  • places of the picture that must be left unpainted, greased with hot wax, allowed to dry completely (the spot should be transparent and dark, but not white and matte),
  • pour the fabric with a dye solution, withstand the right time,
  • remove wax
  • if necessary, cover already painted areas with new wax, and paint a light spot with a different color,
  • repeat the cycle until the desired combinations are obtained (up to black).

You need to remove wax with paper and iron, heating the fabric and gently separating the substance. This technique is time-consuming, so it is better to first see a master class on the Internet.

Cold batik

The difference between this technique and the "hot" one is that instead of wax, a special substance is used that does not pass color. The second name of cold batik is reservation, and the compositions are called backup.

First, the pattern is encircled with this substance, then the remaining areas of the fabric are painted over. Contours prevent dyes from flowing onto the image. After complete drying of the matter, the reserve composition is removed. The result is a contrast (vital) staining. The easiest way to tint products in this technique for ready-made stencils.

Nodal batik

You can paint the fabric in nodular technique, as a result of unexpected effects and original patterns. They are formed due to small nodules that are unevenly stained. Beginning needlewomen and artists are recommended to use this type of batik. Especially successful are dresses, tablecloths, napkins, t-shirts.

The procedure is as follows:

  • make free background painting (if required),
  • dry the item, lay the pebbles on it, dress them with threads in knots (according to the idea),
  • twist the whole fabric tightly from 2 sides, fold it in 2-3 layers, tie it again with threads,
  • immerse in a container with paint, withstand the right time,
  • remove, dry the product.
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Shibori Technique

This method is a type of nodular batik. The only difference is that the fabric folds in a certain way, reminiscent of origami. The technique also involves the use of additional effects - sprinkling salt, sprinkling alcohol.

Free painting

The technique resembles the usual painting of fabric with watercolors or gouache. On matter, the result can be a real picture or individual drawings, details. Here, the artist’s talent is fully manifested, because according to the template, painting will not work. So that the paint does not flow, pre-soak the fabric in saline for 2-3 hours. For the successful prescribing of shades, the use of redundant compounds is allowed. If they are not, it is better to pre-fabric the fabric:

  • mix gelatin, PVA, starch,
  • apply to the fabric with a brush
  • to dry, but not completely,
  • get to work.

A kind of free painting is raw painting. It gives the effect of flowing from one color to another, gives a feeling of airiness. Drawing is performed on wet tissue without the use of stencil technique (without patterns). You can not only perform brush strokes, but also inflate the paint through a straw for a cocktail, after giving the drops the desired shape.

The history of the appearance of batik technology

Batik is several hundred years old. Over time, the technique became more complicated, improved and in different countries had its own characteristics. Indonesia is considered to be the birthplace of batik, but for the first time a description of the method was made in Holland in the 17th century. Very ancient tissue samples were discovered in Egypt - they were made around the 5th century. Batik in ancient times was common in Japan, China and other Asian countries, and in the Middle Ages became incredibly popular with European artists.

Copying a picture from paper

In this case, being an artist to create masterpieces is not necessary. It is enough to have accuracy to clearly circle the pattern on the fabric. It is printed on the printer, making the contours bold, dark (otherwise they will not be visible through the fabric). Next, the thing is pulled onto a cardboard or a sheet of plywood, put an embossed pattern between the layers, fixed with pins, circle the drawing with a simple pencil or a special marker for matter. Then you can start drawing the image with paints.

Freehand drawing on fabric

If you have artistic abilities and imagination, you can perform a drawing without a template, manually. Professionals work directly with paints, it is better for a beginner to first draw the contours with a simple pencil. This method is especially good if some lightness, negligence in the picture is assumed.

Stenciling

Stencils are sold in specialized stores in large quantities. It is very convenient to use this technique if you need to copy the same picture repeatedly (form for a team, napkins, etc.). The stencil is applied to the fabric, fixed with pins, paper clips and outlined with paints.

Screen printing

It is used to create complex drawings, multi-color images. The method involves the use of special inks and screens for screen printing, and a roller and other tools will also be required. It is better to give the product to the workshop, where all the work will be performed efficiently.

Tips - what to consider in work

To paint on a fabric basis came out "excellent", it is worth following a number of important tips and recommendations:

  • to purchase only high-quality paints in specialized stores (too cheap colors can be fakes),
  • pay attention to the expiration date - it should be normal,
  • get acquainted with the composition of the paints - if they are good, they do not contain toxic components, heavy metals, there is no unpleasant odor,
  • Before painting a large canvas, do a color test on a small area, evaluate the work after the paint has completely dried,
  • for work, use brushes with synthetic nap, rollers, sponges,
  • apply each new coat after drying the previous one,
  • in a day, fix the pattern with an iron - iron it for at least 5 minutes,
  • high-quality products do not disperse into matter, persistent, do not collapse from water after solidification.

Wash recommendations

For washing use only non-aggressive surfactants and water with a temperature of up to 35-40 degrees. It is strictly forbidden to use bleaches that destroy paint. Small items are best washed by hand, do not wring, do not twist them, but gently hang on the back of a chair for drying.

Large items are machine washable, including delicate mode. Subject to these simple rules, clothing or other products will last a long time without loss of color and quality.

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