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Reading aloud and "to yourself" - which is more useful?

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The school curriculum is designed to teach the rules of grammar and separate reading of words, and for effective teaching of any skills or academic subjects it is necessary to be able to read aloud qualitatively. Humanity has not come up with anything more useful for the development and prevention of brain degradation.

It is difficult to understand the importance of “loud” reading, the main “problem” - it seems that when you start reading out loud, the information is not absorbed. In fact, the situation is exactly the opposite. When "silent" flies in one eye, and flies in the other. Just the brain does not understand this right away.

1. School performance is 95% dependent on the child’s ability to read aloud not by syllables, but as if he was just telling something. In schools, children are not taught to read (fluently and expressively) well, but translate them into "silent" reading (with eyes similar to superficial reading - "fast reading").

The school curriculum is designed to teach the rules of grammar and separate reading of words, and for effective teaching of any skills or academic subjects it is necessary to be able to read aloud qualitatively. Humanity has not come up with anything more useful for the development and prevention of brain degradation.

It is difficult to understand the importance of “loud” reading, the main “problem” - it seems that when you start reading out loud, the information is not absorbed. In fact, the situation is exactly the opposite. When "silent" flies in one eye, and flies in the other. Just the brain does not understand this right away.

Meanwhile, it is reading aloud that has a powerful synergistic effect from the interaction of different parts of the brain at the time of reading aloud: at the same time, the visual, auditory and motor departments work. The more diverse sources of information, the faster and more accurately the details are remembered.

3. Reading with takes in a different manner is an ideal way to learn poetry or lyrics.
Memory works according to the principle: everything that does not repeat is forgotten. Therefore, it is important to make duplicates or, more simply, to repeat. In this case, it is simply necessary to add variety to the process. The more possible options for losing the situation, the better it is remembered.

4. Loud, expressive, emotional reading aloud is one of the most effective exercises for developing children's speech. However, not only children, but also adults! Why is it “out of tune”, aloud, and not as usual, with the eyes? It is reading aloud that provides speech training, language practice, while “silent” provides only a superficial assimilation by the brain of any information. To become a dancer you need to dance, and not watch how others do it.

When reading to oneself, the main part of the information is perceived by the brain as “garbage”, unnecessary and quickly erased or stored in places inaccessible for reproduction.

“Loud” reading makes it possible to master the skill of easy and accurate expression of thoughts, “provokes” a constant increase in vocabulary, the development of good diction, intonation, emotional coloring, brightness of presentation, correct speech and its other components. Only by reading aloud can you and your children eradicate speech deficiencies such as tongue-tied, stuttering, stammering, reservations, parasitic words, etc.

5. Psychologists are sure that reading is the main process that contributes to the formation of personality at all stages. From the diaper, when a child hears the voices of parents reading aloud to him and in adulthood, when a person overcomes various crises and grows spiritually. It is hard to overestimate the benefits of reading for teens. Reading aloud at least sometimes, adolescents not only seriously improve memory, thinking and develop other cognitive processes, they learn to love, evaluate actions, empathize, trace cause and effect relationships between any events, analyze actions, forgive, etc. Reading is most effective. "Adult" books, especially the works of Russian classics, for example, F.M. Dostoevsky. Without reading, it is impossible to form a harmonious person.

6. From the point of view of evolution, the ability to read is a clear superstructure over already existing brain structures. It turns out that most of the higher brain zones are involved in reading. So, reading can be considered as the best exercise to keep your brain fit

The brain of a person who can read works much more complicated than the brain of an illiterate. Moreover, the brain of a person who practiced reading in childhood is better able to activate all of its resources than the brain of a person who has learned to read and write, as an adult. You can safely say: reading is one of the best exercises to keep fit all brain. This is even more important, given that competitors to reading such as "developing" computer games have shown themselves to be very dubious "exercise machines for the mind."

Another important consequence of the results of the study: learning difficulties in reading and writing are natural. If a child (and especially an adult) cannot easily master this seemingly ordinary kind of activity, then now we should remember that what seems elementary in appearance is actually one of the most difficult tasks that the human brain can only solve ...

The general conclusion: a constant exercise in reading not only improves this reading and, for example, broadens the mind, but also increases the efficiency of the brain in almost all areas of human activity ...

7. Speed ​​reading or slow reading? Speed ​​reading is a special form of reading that should not be abused. Speed ​​reading can be useful for finding the necessary information in its large stream. The brain consumes less energy with this type of reading and there is a great danger in this. You can get used to reading everything in this mode and then expect trouble. The literary text will fly unnoticed, and your speech will “skip” from topic to topic, bypassing the logical connectives.

8. Will “loud” reading help get rid of accent or serious speech defects? Yes, of course. The most powerful tool for correcting speech defects, such as, for example, burr, stuttering, echoing voices, “collective farm” regional or foreign accents, is a parallel (simultaneous) reading with “word masters”. Defects are eliminated quickly and efficiently if you try to accurately simulate all the voice characteristics of a “reference speaker”. Not so long ago, Mikhail Shestov created special correspondence courses that provide both children and adults with free entry into the "harmony of the language." That is, they provide an opportunity to learn in a few hours to read with the actors the most complex texts, even for intelligent adults.

9. Impact on letter literacy - quantity can turn into quality. Of course, for the development of literacy, it is necessary to rewrite literate texts, but even a simple reading aloud can improve the writing style. Beautiful phrases “revolve” in your head that you can add to the text at any time. And the more such phrases, the more interesting your notes become. You are clearly aware of the correct word order and are able to build beautiful sentences, even with small spelling or stylistic errors.

Advice from Mikhail Shestov: It is very good to remember, pretending to be different heroes and assigning them different voices and manners of conversation. Even if you just read the book in solitude - read it as if you want to interest the child. This way of remembering becomes like a fun game, rather than boring cramming.

When and how to start teaching a child to read aloud?

From birth, you need to speak the correct Russian language, expressively, dramatically and emotionally. And as you grow older, you must, as soon as possible, teach him to read aloud expressively using three types of training:

  • repetition after the announcer (for you, for example)
  • reading along with the announcer
  • independent reading

Surely - out loud! With the help of these exercises, it is necessary to accelerate the speed of reading or repetition of the speaker to the speed of fluent speech of adult native speakers. Learning to model reading should begin at the age of three.

One of the most important exercises for the development of normal intelligence is the development of spelling - the art of freely spelling words into letters, singing them out loud. And easily make up single words from sequences of letters.

Any lessons do not need to be crammed, you need to be able to read them expressively and aloud, in a different manner, with different volumes, as if making doubles (by the type of actors and singers). All unfamiliar and incomprehensible words must be sought in the explanatory dictionary, spelled and read aloud for their interpretation. Learning to work with the dictionary and various encyclopedic literature is necessary from the moment when the child learns to read.

To broaden your horizons

To broaden one's horizons, one needs to force a child to read aloud and rewrite clever texts in large enough volumes: from five standard pages in a row. This, very quickly, will develop in him the habit of doing this on a daily basis. You will need a selection of texts written by smart (highly educated, very competent) people, including various quotes and statements, as well as just texts that reveal (present) a variety of styles of the Russian language. The meaning of all unfamiliar words should be sought in a conventional or electronic explanatory dictionary, pronounced and spelled out. The maximum amount of similar work with the dictionary: one standard dictionary column per day.

It is also required to quickly, using stencils, to ensure the formation of a calligraphic handwriting or a computer keyboard, to teach a child faultlessly tracing individual words and sentences, and, in the future, dictation notes. Which, in turn, will lead to the formation of the ability to write independently.

2. Expansion of vocabulary. It is no secret that in an ordinary adult, even the vocabulary in the mother tongue practically does not increase if he does not perform special exercises. What can I say about the quick study of a foreign language or the development of a new specialty - this requires the assimilation of too large volumes of new information!

Meanwhile, it is reading aloud that has a powerful synergistic effect from the interaction of different parts of the brain at the time of reading aloud: at the same time, the visual, auditory and motor departments work. The more diverse sources of information, the faster and more accurately the details are remembered.

3. Reading with takes in a different manner is an ideal way to learn poetry or lyrics.
Memory works according to the principle: everything that does not repeat is forgotten. Therefore, it is important to make duplicates or, more simply, to repeat. In this case, it is simply necessary to add variety to the process. The more possible options for losing the situation, the better it is remembered.

4. Loud, expressive, emotional reading aloud is one of the most effective exercises for developing children's speech. However, not only children, but also adults! Why is it “out of tune”, aloud, and not as usual, with the eyes? It is reading aloud that provides speech training, language practice, while “silent” provides only a superficial assimilation by the brain of any information. To become a dancer you need to dance, and not watch how others do it.

When reading to oneself, the main part of the information is perceived by the brain as “garbage”, unnecessary and quickly erased or stored in places inaccessible for reproduction.

“Loud” reading makes it possible to master the skill of easy and accurate expression of thoughts, “provokes” a constant increase in vocabulary, the development of good diction, intonation, emotional coloring, brightness of presentation, correct speech and its other components. Only by reading aloud can you and your children eradicate speech deficiencies such as tongue-tied, stuttering, stammering, reservations, parasitic words, etc.

5. Psychologists are sure that reading is the main process that contributes to the formation of personality at all stages. From the diaper, when a child hears the voices of parents reading aloud to him and in adulthood, when a person overcomes various crises and grows spiritually. It is hard to overestimate the benefits of reading for teens. Reading aloud at least sometimes, adolescents not only seriously improve memory, thinking and develop other cognitive processes, they learn to love, evaluate actions, empathize, trace cause and effect relationships between any events, analyze actions, forgive, etc. Reading is most effective. "Adult" books, especially the works of Russian classics, for example, F.M. Dostoevsky. Without reading, it is impossible to form a harmonious person.

6. From the point of view of evolution, the ability to read is a clear superstructure over already existing brain structures. It turns out that most of the higher brain zones are involved in reading. So, reading can be considered as the best exercise to keep your brain fit

The brain of a person who can read works much more complicated than the brain of an illiterate. Moreover, the brain of a person who practiced reading in childhood is better able to activate all of its resources than the brain of a person who has learned to read and write, as an adult. You can safely say: reading is one of the best exercises to keep fit all brain. This is even more important, given that competitors to reading such as "developing" computer games have shown themselves to be very dubious "exercise machines for the mind."

Another important consequence of the results of the study: learning difficulties in reading and writing are natural. If a child (and especially an adult) cannot easily master this seemingly ordinary kind of activity, then now we should remember that what seems elementary in appearance is actually one of the most difficult tasks that the human brain can only solve ...

The general conclusion: a constant exercise in reading not only improves this reading and, for example, broadens the mind, but also increases the efficiency of the brain in almost all areas of human activity ...

7. Speed ​​reading or slow reading? Speed ​​reading is a special form of reading that should not be abused. Speed ​​reading can be useful for finding the necessary information in its large stream. The brain consumes less energy with this type of reading and there is a great danger in this. You can get used to reading everything in this mode and then expect trouble. The literary text will fly unnoticed, and your speech will “skip” from topic to topic, bypassing the logical connectives.

8. Will “loud” reading help get rid of accent or serious speech defects? Yes, of course. A powerful tool for correcting speech defects, such as, for example, burr, stuttering, echoing voices, “collective farm” regional or foreign accents, is a parallel (simultaneous) reading with “word masters”. Defects are eliminated quickly and efficiently if you try to accurately simulate all the voice characteristics of a “reference speaker”. Not so long ago, Mikhail Shestov created special correspondence courses that provide both children and adults with free entry into the "harmony of the language." That is, they provide an opportunity to learn in a few hours to read with the actors the most complex texts, even for intelligent adults.

9.Impact on letter literacy - quantity can turn into quality. Of course, for the development of literacy, it is necessary to rewrite literate texts, but even a simple reading aloud can improve the writing style. Beautiful phrases “revolve” in your head that you can add to the text at any time. And the more such phrases, the more interesting your notes become. You are clearly aware of the correct word order and are able to build beautiful sentences, even with small spelling or stylistic errors.

Advice from Mikhail Shestov: It is very good to remember, pretending to be different heroes and assigning them different voices and manners of conversation. Even if you just read the book in solitude - read it as if you want to interest the child. This way of remembering becomes like a fun game, rather than boring cramming.

What is the benefit of reading?

Systematic reading is extremely important for the formation of the mental apparatus and the harmonious development of personality. By building the relationship between words and mental images, the brain forms neural networks responsible for cognitive functions - imagination, memory, concentration, logical thinking, analysis and systematization of data. The skills acquired through a thoughtful reading process are automatically transferred to other areas of activity - verbal counting, solving mathematical problems, learning foreign languages, and art. A person accustomed to reading from childhood thinks more efficiently, quickly acquires new knowledge, and even in difficult situations makes the right decisions, not inferior to the pressure of stereotypes, emotions and authorities.

Why do you need to read out loud?

It used to be that reading aloud was necessary only in the early stages of learning, although even adults in the order of gymnastics of the mind would not hurt to regularly read aloud at least half an hour a day. Reading aloud with expression, we learn to recognize the semantic accents of the text and improve our skills in controlling diction and intonation.

When a child reads out loud, invite him to voice the characters in the book. Trying on different roles, kids develop empathy and emotional intelligence. The effect will not keep you waiting: such children recognize their interlocutors' feelings much better and express their thoughts more coherently than their peers who prefer to spend time at computer games.

Next comes the domino law. Superficial changes entail deeper changes: the realization of the logic of constructing phrases comes. No wonder reading aloud is part of the oratory training program and is widely practiced in the training courses for broadcasters and television presenters. People who regularly read aloud speak more confidently and make far fewer speech errors, as a result of which they are perceived as more authoritative and trustworthy. Speech is cleared of parasitic words, becoming richer and more accurate. Reading aloud to children with tongue-tied speech and speech defects is especially useful.

But what you should not expect from reading out loud is assistance in memorizing the training material. Listening to himself, the child is often distracted from the subject and can hardly penetrate deeply into the text and accurately retell what he read.

Reading aloud is accompanied by hard work of the facial muscles. A little reader needs to be given rest every 10-15 minutes.

Why is reading “to oneself" useful?

Addicted to books, children usually go on reading "to themselves." When you don’t have to bother with the pronunciation of sounds, focusing on the text is much easier. In addition, such reading develops visual and associative memory well. When reading "to oneself", imagination actively works. Since the consciousness is completely focused on imaginary images, the imprinting of visual information on the spelling of words goes unnoticed, on a subconscious level, and a feeling of fatigue, as with cramming, does not occur.

The habit of reading “to oneself” creates the prerequisites for the formation of intuitive literacy. A well-read child may not know a single rule, but will write without errors, and as a bonus will receive a persistent habit of concentration and a trained memory.

At the same time, the educational potential of reading "to oneself" is limited - it contributes to the deep assimilation of material, but almost does not affect oral speech. A child who reads mostly “to himself” may have an amazing vocabulary, but he will be mistaken when placing stresses, pronouncing words incorrectly, so even in high school you should not stop reading aloud.

Which reading method is more effective?

Reading aloud will benefit even an adult with an already-formed intellect and established speech practice. Such exercises at any age have a positive effect on cognitive function. Moreover, they are important in the process of teaching children.

Reading “to oneself” plays an equally important role in the overall development of a person’s mental abilities. During the training period, it is better to practice both methods - these skills will organically complement each other. Specially developed techniques, in particular, a training course on speed reading by Andrei Spodin, are aimed at the maximum use of mental resources. The exercises performed by children activate both hemispheres of the brain and, importantly, help to master new skills without any tension. This ability is preserved in a person who has been trained in speed reading, and in adulthood, extending to other types of mental activity.

Children show noticeable results after a month of classes in the development centers "AMAKids". They well absorb what they read, demonstrate excellent reading techniques, a deep understanding of the text, as well as a more harmonious perception of the world and a positive attitude. After all, reading not only helps to develop the brain. It broadens the horizons, forms moral principles, simply gives pleasure, allowing a person to travel to other countries and times, experience a variety of emotions and learn new knowledge.

Why read to a child

Reading is a burden on the brain. Reading, we train it the same way we train muscles, playing sports. Scientists have long proved: reading people live longer. What can we say about a small person, whose neurophysiological processes are just beginning to work actively? He needs reading like air! And while the baby himself does not know how to read, the help of parents here is priceless. What gives children reading aloud?

Speech development

Children who are regularly read by parents are more likely to speak earlier than their peers, and their speech is richer. The fact is that in everyday life we ​​use vocabulary and grammar of low order, often even vernacular. In books, a rich literary language is used, saturated with a variety of speech turns. The complicated grammar found in books helps children develop logic. Logic is necessary for proper thinking. And formed speech is formed thinking. Thanks to books, the child not only scoops up new words, learns to pronounce and use them correctly, he also trains logical thinking.

Imagination development

Imagination and fantasy are generators of new ideas and innovative solutions. No cartoon is able to develop the imagination as a book does. When a child listens to a fairy tale, he mentally draws a picture for himself, imagines what the characters and the scenery look like. This is a kind of work, and completely independent. If the children are offered a cartoon, then they cannot be active participants in the process: an action with all the details has already been drawn for them. Children can only be passive spectators.

Self-Reading Advertising

Any teacher will immediately identify the reading children. They better understand the meaning of what they read, formulate their thoughts correctly, logically build statements, write more correctly, and remember information better. To teach children to read is from the cradle. This is not about early learning to read, but about reading out loud.

Offer the kids a book as a toy. Look at the pictures together, comment on them, pronounce the sounds of animals or objects depicted on the pages, invite the baby to turn the pages himself - this is an excellent exercise for the development of fine motor skills. If the baby is tearing the pages, explain calmly to him that this is not worth doing, and hand him books with cardboard sheets.

Try not to abuse publications with buttons and sound signals, let the book remain a book, and the kid enjoys reading it. In the future, the child himself will be drawn to literature. At the same time, do not forget to read yourself in front of children. Choose paper editions.

Listening practice

The ability to perceive information by ear, that is, listening, is now urgently needed. Firstly, many school exams test this skill (USE in particular). Secondly, it is simply necessary for the harmonious study of foreign languages. Thirdly, we often contact people, and we need to quickly and clearly understand what we hear. Therefore, we need listening in everyday life. It is reading aloud tales, poems and rhymes that gives the child the opportunity to "train the ears."

Proximity to Parents

Every time parents read to their child, magic happens: rallying and uniting the family. Children feel warm and parental care. Listening to the speech of mom or dad, the child calms down, stress and fatigue per day are reduced. The voice of parents helps to relax and sleep better. Seniors, in turn, also receive vivid emotions from communicating with children and literature. Together you live the joyful moments of the plot, sympathize with the heroes, try to solve a difficult task and help the characters. Great moments when you and your children travel together without leaving your home.

Solution to many problems

Reading a fairy tale out loud to your child can help you “talk” him, especially if you feel that he has problems that he is silent about. Often the baby himself begins to talk about what he cares about, having met a similar situation in a fairy tale. Even if he does not talk about the problem, he will hear from the plot a way to solve it. You can also discuss the right and wrong actions of the heroes, it will be more visual than any parental instruction, how to and should not act.

When and what to start reading for children

Start reading to your baby before he is born. It is proved that the mother’s voice calms the baby in the womb. After birth, continue reading to him. Read to lull a child. Read and show illustrations a bit later.

Six months the kid will already be happy to listen to simple little simple works based on rhymes or repetitions. These include "Turnip", "Cockerel, Golden Scallop" and other nursery rhymes. In year the child can be offered short tales, works by Korney Chukovsky, poems by Agnia Barto. Closer to two you can go to the longer tales of Vladimir Suteev or Eduard Uspensky. Since three years, you can significantly expand the children's home library, supplementing it with long tales or large works, divided into chapters. These are the works of Sergey Kozlov, Vitaliy Bianka, Sofia Prokofieva and other famous writers.

Choose fairy tales taking into account the interests of your child. Let your library be diverse. Be sure to pay attention to the illustrations. They should be colorful, contrasting and high quality. Try to choose books in which the text and illustrations coincide on the page. If the child can not sit and listen to the tale calmly, give him the opportunity to change position, crawl and so on. Do not restrain his movements: preschool children are restless by virtue of their psychophysical development.

Read the same tale as many times as the child asks for - this is his comfort zone. Perhaps with her help he is working on some kind of situation, and maybe he just really likes the illustrations. Do not deprive him of positive emotions. Do not impose your choice of a fairy tale on the child, leave this right to him.

How to read to children

This must be done thoughtfully and measuredly; your reading should not be formal. Surrender to the process with all your heart, put meaning into your speech. Read by imitating different voices and intonations. Let the sound even be hypertrophied and slightly grotesque. Accentuate on key points, slow down and accelerate, sometimes go to a whisper. Sometimes stop specially, be distracted by closing the book, and ask the child to remind you of what you read and where you left off. Emphasize sounds whose pronunciation is difficult for the child.

Try to discuss the illustrations and be sure to talk about what you read. Ask your child for a fairy tale, characters, actions. Take an interest in what he would do in this or that situation. Let reading be your family daily ritual. Read to your baby before bedtime or when you need to calm him down a bit. Try not to refuse your child when he asks you to read. And let the book be the best gift for your children!

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